What Is Enbrel Used For?
Enbrel is a medicine for treatment of people with moderate to severe forms of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), juvenile idiopathicarthritis (JIA), and a type of disease called psoriatic arthritis. It is also used for treating adults with a type of arthritis called ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Enbrel is also used for treatment of moderate to severe psoriasis in adults and children. Psoriasis is an inflammatory disease that affects skin and causes raised, thick, red and scaly patches that can appear anywhere on the body. Psoriatic arthritis is usually seen in patients with Psoriasis and affects both the joints and the skin. Enbrel is a type of protein called a tumour necrosis factor (TNF) blocker that blocks the action of a substance your body makes called TNF-alpha. TNF-alpha is made by your body’s immune system. People with immune diseases like RA, JIA, Psoriatic Arthritis and Psoriasis, as well as patients with AS, have too much TNF-alpha in their bodies, which can cause inflammation and lead to painful, swollen joints and raised thick, red, scaly patches (“psoriatic skin lesions”) that can appear anywhere on the body. Enbrel can reduce the amount of TNF in the body to normal levels, helping to treat joint damage and skin lesions. Enbrel may be effective in reducing signs and symptoms of inflammatory arthritis (such as pain, morning stiffness and fatigue), may help improve your ability to do simple daily activities (such as dressing, walking and climbing stairs), and may help prevent damage to your bones and joints. In patients with psoriatic skin conditions, Enbrel may be effective in clearing skin and improving quality of life (such as personal relationships, work and daily activities, and treatment satisfaction). Enbrel is given as an injection under the skin by the doctor. For RA, Psoriatic Arthritis, or AS, the recommended dose of Enbrel for adults is 50 mg per week (two 25mg injections). Your doctor will tell you whether the two injections should be given on the same day once a week or on two different days (3 or 4 days apart) in the same week. If you have Psoriasis, the recommended dose of Enbrel is a 50 mg dose given twice a week (3or 4 days apart) given for 3 months. After 3 months, your doctor will tell you to reduce your dose to 50 mg once per week.
What Are The Possible Side Effects Of Enbrel?
Most common side effects caused by Enbrel are injection site reactions such as mild and included redness, swelling, itching, or bruising (lasting for 3 to 5 days), pain, swelling, redness, headaches and upper respiratory tract infections. Some of the serious side effects of this medication include serious infections such as tuberculosis, cancers, nervous system disorders, blood problems, heart problems and liver problems. These are not all the possible side effects of Enbrel. In case of any unexpected effect, consult your doctor or pharmacist.